The seeds of democracy can never thrive in China. The reason behind is that the “Middle Kingdom” has always been a vast empire ruling over the ethnic groups with various geographical, linguistic and cultural backgrounds.
Different groups have conflicts in interests and ethnic identity. They would prefer to succumb to a powerful central government for protection. To those regions, the central government can provide necessary protection, but at the same time distant enough not to intervene them. The prerequisite for any form of republic is that the citizens and politicians know each other. In the case of the “Middle Kingdom”, thanks to its extremely heterogeneous nature, that is impossible.
Even the level of homogeneity between the Canadians and Australians is higher than Chinese living in Northern and Southern China, as they speak the same language – English.
The experience between mainland China and Taiwan is different, due to the difference in land size and level of homogeneity. We simply cannot imagine the other ways of life under different environments. For examples, in some regions there are little religious conflicts, but in some regions comments on religion can be fatal. Peoples living in landlocked plateau have a completely different worldview from those living in coastal regions. We won’t understand them much, and so do they. Such difference is very important. The inhabitants of different regions in the same country have even different colours of skin and pupils of the eyes. To make things worse, the mindsets of many mainland Chinese are still embedded with 19th century ideologies. This makes things more complex and may lead to violent conflicts.