Cult of Personality
The Chinese used to live a life under the suppression by restrictions and rules. This favoured the breeding of the cult of personality. For those living a life fearing of breaking the rules, what they wish for is not abstract and intangible laws. They prefer a strong man who can promise them with his presence, they can be free from these rules, and will be forgiven even breaking the rules. So what they need is an anthropomorphic God.
Cowards are those who evade trying for fearing failures. In Chinese culture, the weak always try to cover up their weakness without facing it. When everyone behaves like this, the whole society weakens. Strong men are born from repeated attempts from failures, but Chinese culture encourages individuals to avoid this. The fear of failure is deeply rooted among Chinese even for the children. Failure is a shame.
Whatever spiritual beliefs the Chinese have, their souls always have a dark side, such as lust for power, empiricism, obsessions with power, hoping for reap without sowing, mixing up public and private interests, and to place family interests above the rest. Chinese history in the 20th century was just a reflection of such aspect.
Obsession for Power
The structure of Chinese society is a structure encouraging unconditional obedience to the superior. This facilitates the consolidation of privileged interests, as ideology can be controlled and distorted under this structure. However, such unconditional obedience can lead to a Titanic-like disaster: everyone only comes to know it’s too late to turn the steering wheel before the ship hits on the iceberg.
The reason contributing to this structure is the lust for the civilians to become bureaucrats by passing Imperial Examination. In Chinese society, it is very natural for everyone to study for the purpose of becoming bureaucrats. However, once you think more deeply and discover the real motive for study is the lust for power, such fact is just horrible.
The chase for power should be the most boring way out, not the most popular one. In Chinese society, however, “study to become bureaucrats” has made things inverted. In modern days China or Taiwan, there are still many who aspire to become bureaucrats by studying and passing exams. This situation needs to be changed.
A friend of mine who studies medicine once said, if a medical student doesn’t know how to treasure lives and to be humane, studying medicine is no more than a professional butcher, earning money every day facing the blood and flesh without feelings.
Imperial Examination and the Lust for Power
My writing skill is alright. My family members always think that if there was Imperial Examination, I could find a place in civil service. They have such wish not because becoming a civil servant is an interesting or promising career, it’s just because the structure of the society is tailored for bureaucrats and civil servants.
However, it comes to me that life is short and we have the chance to change the way this civilization evolves. If we just follow the rules of this structure, we just leave this problem to our descendants. Can’t we do something better?
So what is a State? In theory, everyone says it is “Tianxia” or the people. In practice, everyone knows the state is the source of power. Theoretically, power comes from the people. But in this country, the State doesn’t like their people to bother. So it just represents them. From the day this State commenced under the will of its people, the State has begun to abandon them.
Many self-claimed socialists or leftists are just scholars who lust for power when time unveils. Once they are bribed by power, their traditional bureaucratic mindsets become nude.
Those who have power should study. But study should not be a way to chase for power. Imperial Examination has been abolished, but its ghost is still around. Elites become the chasers for positions in civil service.
In the ancient time, the poor made his way to fortune by studying and becoming Mandarins. Isn’t it strange? Why shouldn’t be engaging in commence, becoming an artist or inventor? So joining the officialdom is a way to make fortune after all?
Everyone wants to get rich. But getting rich should not be everyone and every job’s sole and prior objective. I’m not saying civil servants are free from emotions or need. What they should know is, this job is not for him to get rich. Being a police is not for getting rich, so as for a doctor or a teacher. If they get these jobs just for getting rich, the whole system will be distorted.
If becoming a civil servant is to get rich, then such purpose will infect the whole officialdom. In other words, bribery and corruptions are the results of our distorted understanding of power. When we think that power leads to fortune, this thinking itself is enough to encourage corruptions.
So at the end of the day, no one cares for contributing to progress of the civilization by inventing. Everyone goes to take such corrupt thinking, brainwash themselves, and then control others.
Lust for power nurtures the thinking of ruling over the others and commanding others, not persuading them. It finally leads to a powered group which cannot sustain by its power. Unfortunately, even this group is overthrown, those replacing it are of the same nature. It’s just like the shoes: when the shoes are worn long enough, the shape of the feet remains in the shoes. So someone who fits the shoes must be the one with same shape of the feet.
In the long river of Chinese civilization, there were many artists, explorers and scientists, but their accomplishments rarely passed to their descendants. What makes this country remains in medieval times is that the works of these people are hindered by the society, by encouraging intellectuals to become bureaucrats, instead to make inventions.
Hanjian (漢奸, literally Han Chinese traitor) is someone who succumbs to power and wishes to benefit from such act. The inventor of this term tried to link such act of currying favour with racism.
In reality, Han Chinese are power lusters. Power lusters can easily become Hanjian. The culture of Imperial Examination is the factory of Hanjian.
When they are unable to expel the aliens, they invent excuses to convince themselves: aliens and we are of the same family. When everyone becomes Hanjian, everyone become patriots. A perfect example is Qing Dynasty.
Why China becomes a bureaucratic one-part-dictatorship? When we delve deep enough, we discover the reason is the resurrection of Imperial Examination system, a structure which encourages everyone to lust and chase for power to maintain stability. The failure of communism is not of the infeasibility of public ownership. The failure was the result of the infiltration of the once abolished bureaucracy. This bureaucracy interprets communism as public ownership, and public ownership as the property which can be used anytime upon the wishes of bureaucrats.
What is the essence of Imperial Examination system? It’s just when you finish certain ideological curriculum, you access to the rights to become the powered and become their cadres, and the right to control the resources of this society. The ideological curriculum, be it “The Fours Books and Five Classics”, “Three Principles of the People” or Marxism, the mode is just the same. Everyone wants to become a civil servant, that’s it.